BBC News 26 September 2012.
Once a week Badriya walks six miles from her village in East Tanzania to the nearest shop, where she spends a quarter of her family’s weekly earnings on kerosene so she can light her home.
She is one of nearly two billion people across the globe who have no access to electricity.
Kerosene lamps are widely used for lighting in rural areas of Asia and Africa where electrical distribution is either not available, or too costly for widespread use.
Yet using kerosene for lighting is extremely inefficient, dangerous and expensive, and it has extensive health and environmental drawbacks.
The World Bank estimates that breathing kerosene fumes is the equivalent of smoking two packets of cigarettes a day and two-thirds of adult females with lung cancer in developing nations are non-smokers…